Verbs are about doing or being.
More about Verbs
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With “to,” it cannot serve as the primary verb of a clause but often follows the main verb.
An Infinitive may be a subject or follow a linking verb.
It does not indicate any tense. That is the job of the primary verb.
In earlier years, splitting an infinitive with another word (often an adverb or an adverbial phrase) was considered a grammar crime. Now, however, the Chicago Manual of Style considers it “a legitimate form of expression and nothing writers or editors need feel uneasy about” (14th edition, 2.98n).
The present participle can relate events in the present or in the past.
The present participle can describe nouns.
Examples of present participle as an adjective:
As a verb, it may take a direct object or be modified by an adverb. When functioning as a noun, it takes on the roles of a noun. However, it cannot be modified by an adjective before it.
A gerund has neither tense (present, past, future, or conditional) nor plural form.
A compound noun uses a noun to describe another noun.
A gerund can also form a compound noun.
Action or being may occur in the past (what has been), in the present (what is being), in the future (what will be), or conditional (what might be/have been IF).
(Click on each tense flavor for more detailed explanations.)
Verbs in the other tenses use helping verbs to determine the tense.
More about Verbs
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