Parentheses always come in pairs, an opening “(“ and a closing “).”
It may be useful to the writer and/or reader, but the sentence does not need it to be complete.
This would include time zones, area codes, and short translations. (Use brackets if within a quotation.)
- Jerry Veldheer (Hillsdale College) at 6’8” is the tallest of the Denver Bronco football players.
- The longest baseball game lasted 32 innings before it was stopped at 4:07 AM (EST).
- If you dial a number like (555) 111-1111, you will not get an answer, because 555 is not an area code.
- The only French the tourist knew was s’il vous plaît (please).
- Elvis Presley (1935-1977 [age 42 at death]) was more than a singer and actor.
- “Let me quote Mae West [1893-1980], ‘You only live once, but if you do it right, once is enough.’ ”
Punctuation at the end of each item is not required in a vertical list.
The key is always consistency.
Ingredients for tacos are readily available at any grocery store: (a) tortillas, (b) salsa, (c) chopped meat, (d) shredded cheese, (e) chopped-up tomatoes, (f) shredded lettuce, (g) diced onions.
Four new officers were elected at last night’s meeting:
(1) President Samuel Johnson
(2) Vice President Melissa Peterson
(3) Secretary Jonathon Anderson
(4) Treasurer Amanda Ramirez
- Quoting the local newspaper, “The winning team will face the winner of the nest [sic] game.”
- One of the most common mistakes in the names of hymns in bulletins is “O for a Thousand Tongues to Sin [sic].”