Portions of seconds are indicated by decimals.
- The three teams left ten minutes apart, starting at 10:06 am.
- Her watch indicated the time of departure at exactly 13:42:18.
- The last runner of the marathon came in at 3:56:25.07.
- The old clock always told the correct time twice a day, always at 3:19.
SEPARATE TITLE AND SUBTITLE
However, use a dash to introduce a list of such titles with colons.
- Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom
- Mission Impossible: Fallout
- Avengers: Infinity War
- Oliver Twist: The Parish Boy’s Progress
- A Christmas Carol: A Ghost Story of Christmas
- Last Christmas we watched my favorite movies—Oliver Twist: The Parish Boy’s Progress and A Christmas Carol: A Ghost Story of Christmas.
- I don’t know who Kevyn Aucoin is, but I agree with his philosophy:
- Today I choose life. Every morning when I wake up I can choose joy, happiness, negativity, pain … To feel the freedom that comes from being able to continue to make mistakes and choices—today I choose to feel life, not to deny my humanity but embrace it. (https://www.brainyquote.com/topics/inspirational)
Examples using a colon for a list:
- My brother’s birthday list had only five items: a new bicycle, a new wagon, a new cell phone, a remote-controlled airplane, and a pony.
- Wikipedia divides United States history into several sections: the colonial period, the 18th century, the American Revolution, the early years of the Republic, the 19th century, the 20th century, and the 21st century.
- Savannah had four choices of occupations: nurse, librarian, secretary, or teacher.
- Benjamin considered the following names for his puppy: Snitch, Snappy, Stub, and Spook.
Example of using a long dash for a list already including colons:
- The theatre advertised an all-day viewing of these movies—Superman IV: The Quest for Peace, Highlander 2: The Quickening, Speed 2: Cruise Control, and Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles II: The Secret of the Ooze.
- For his birthday, my brother wanted a new bicycle, a new wagon, a new cell phone, a remote-controlled airplane, and a pony.
- (“My brother wanted” is not a finished thought.)
- Wikipedia divides United States history into the colonial period, 18thcentury, American Revolution, early years of the Republic, 19thcentury, 20thcentury, and 21stcentury.
- (“Wikipedia divides United States history into” is not a complete thought.)
- Savannah was considering nursing, teaching, being a librarian, or being a secretary.
- (“Savannah was considering” is not a complete thought.)
- Benjamin’s preferred names for his new puppy included Snitch, Snappy, Stub, and Spook.
- (“Benjamin’s preferred names for his new puppy included” is not a complete thought.)
The item itself may be a complete sentence, but it must relate and add to the main clause.
- Benjamin only wanted one thing for his birthday: a pony.
- Benjamin’s mother accepted his final choice to name his pony: Stub.
- Savannah settled on the one occupation that seemed possible: nursing.
- I had only one thought in mind: I could escape by digging a tunnel.
Bible book and verse
:If consecutive verses are listed, use a hyphen between the beginning and ending verses with no space between.
When additional verses are indicated, separate them with commas.
- John 3:16
- Matthew 1:1-17
- Luke 4:16-20
- Isaiah 42:1-9, 65:17-25
Label introducing a section
- Colon: (with colon)
- Colon (without colon)
- Pythagorean theorem: (with colon)
- Pythagorean theorem (without colon)
- 3:2 (three calves to two cows)
- 5:3:1 (five Holsteins to three Guernseys to one Jersey)
- 9:1 (ratio of rodeo bulls bucking off their rider to riders staying the eight seconds)
Non-essential (explanatory) uses
- The teacher encouraged her students to study specific punctuation marks, namely, commas.
- Trenton made several punctuation errors—for example, not putting a period at the end of each sentence. His essay was hard to read.
- Whenever we went to town, we went to the post office, that is, on weekdays when it was open.